April 4,5,6?

The feast of Passover is an example of how the children of Israel that are scattered abroad into many different sects are not on one accord in the laws of God.  Thus why everyone that call themselves an Israelite doesn’t necessarily mean that you are in agreement with what the scriptures say.  In April the Passover was to be kept, yet unfortunately three different dates were provided causing for many to be confused on which date is the right one, the dates were: April 4, 5, and 6.  Let’s note real quickly that you had some which kept the Passover before April in the winter season which is completely off.  Below we are going to address which date was correct, this was a email that was sent to a sincere brother that asked the question.

Shalam Ahch,

Thank you for your patience, I heard the voicemail that you left the other day and I didn’t forget about you.  It took me a minute to write this, I knew it wasn’t going to be a short email but I hope this answers your question fully.  Attached is the calendar that we have been using that could also be found on the website at http://www.riseisrael.com/main/contents/flyers/feast-calendar-2012.pdf (starts with Jan 2012 and it ends with Mar 2013).  The way the council calculates the dates is with three things.


  1. Software.  Reason for use is because it is very accurate (up to the hour) anywhere in the world. Easy use for our people which some already use for their websites.
  2. Actual visual calculations of the moon.  We mark when the Full moon comes in at the night on our calendar to verify it visually at night.  Knowing that if we count 15 days from that date we will arrive at the new moon.  Since according to the scriptures a month is 30 days, while Edom states that it is 29.5 days.  When you get a chance check out instruments of Calculation at http://www.riseisrael.com/instruments.pdf.
  3. Going back to the most popular way the feasts were calculated among us for a very long time is the Naval Observatory website which is basically an online almanac.


Following the scriptures as it is detailed in the Instruments of Calculation report we know that the new moon is when it is not visible, unlike the Jewish new moon which is when they see a first crescent of light.  The new moon must be kept in its appointed time, the night that it comes in.  Psalms 81:3 Blow up the trumpet in the new moon, in the time appointed, on our solemn feast day.”  Remember that the scriptures said the moon rules the night (Genesis 1:14-19).  What usually happens every year is that there are various dates for Passover.   This happens because of miscalculation of the new moons, the feast is not kept in it season (Numbers 9:2), and Jewish traditions.  If we stick to the scriptures and use the tools properly that we have there shouldn’t be any difficulty in knowing the date that the feast is to be kept.  Therefore everyone will be keeping it the same day.  2nd Maccabees 2:16 Whereas we then are about to celebrate the purification, we have written unto you, and ye shall do well, if ye keep the same days.”


Therefore let’s begin our calculations for the Passover of 2012.  We are suppose to know that the month of Abib begins in March or April in the season of Spring (which is the meaning of Abib).  If you read instruments of calculation it will show you that Spring begins March 20th or 21st and this is something that was not invented by Esau/Edomites but was used by our forefathers.  This year according to our calculations the new moon happens to be on the evening of March 21st.   But it is in question of how did we come to this date?  Beginning with the most difficult tool the almanac from the Naval Observatory, why it is the most difficult?  The first reason is because; according to Esau days begin at midnight that is something that must be taken into consideration.  While we should understand that our day begins at evening. The second reason is that you must know your time zone since they are using Universal Time or Greenwich Mean Time.  Third the site is using military time.  Since it is using military and universal time it will take a little math, which most brothers do not do therefore usually the feast will be one day off.  Using the link you should be able to go to the website and get the dates for the New Moon, Full Moon phases which is the most important to us.  Below should be the dates you see.


US Naval Dates for Moon Phases 2012

 2012 Phases of the Moon
                            Universal Time

        New Moon   First Quarter       Full Moon    Last Quarter    

         d  h  m         d  h  m         d  h  m         d  h  m

                    Jan  1  6 15    Jan  9  7 30    Jan 16  9 08
    Jan 23  7 39    Jan 31  4 10    Feb  7 21 54    Feb 14 17 04
    Feb 21 22 35    Mar  1  1 21    Mar  8  9 39    Mar 15  1 25
    Mar 22 14 37    Mar 30 19 41    Apr  6 19 19    Apr 13 10 50
    Apr 21  7 18    Apr 29  9 57    May  6  3 35    May 12 21 47
    May 20 23 47    May 28 20 16    Jun  4 11 12    Jun 11 10 41
    Jun 19 15 02    Jun 27  3 30    Jul  3 18 52    Jul 11  1 48
    Jul 19  4 24    Jul 26  8 56    Aug  2  3 27    Aug  9 18 55
    Aug 17 15 54    Aug 24 13 54    Aug 31 13 58    Sep  8 13 15
    Sep 16  2 11    Sep 22 19 41    Sep 30  3 19    Oct  8  7 33
    Oct 15 12 02    Oct 22  3 32    Oct 29 19 49    Nov  7  0 36
    Nov 13 22 08    Nov 20 14 31    Nov 28 14 46    Dec  6 15 31
    Dec 13  8 42    Dec 20  5 19    Dec 28 10 21

We are located in New York City which means Universal time is five hours ahead of Eastern Standard Time, therefore we must subtract five hours.  What most brothers do with the dates of the New Moon from this website is subtract a day.  That approach is incorrect.  For example the new moon according to this site for February is the 21st the hour it comes is 22 and the minutes 35 (Note: minutes are not important in our calculations).  If we do as most brothers by subtracting a day then we would be keeping it February 20th.  But let’s do a little math.   There are 24 hours in a day and midnight is when the day begins according to Esau.


Military Civilian
0:00 12:00 AM
1:00 1:00 AM
2:00 2:00 AM
3:00 3:00 AM
4:00 4:00 AM
5:00 5:00 AM
6:00 6:00 AM
7:00 7:00 AM
8:00 8:00 AM
9:00 9:00 AM
10:00 10:00 AM
11:00 11:00 AM
12:00 12:00 PM
13:00 1:00 PM
14:00 2:00 PM
15:00 3:00 PM
16:00 4:00 PM
17:00 5:00 PM
18:00 6:00 PM
19:00 7:00 PM
20:00 8:00 PM
21:00 9:00 PM
22:00 10:00 PM
23:00 11:00 PM


The military hour 22 is 10:00PM, but remember that we are in Eastern Standard Time so that means we have to subtract 5 hours.  That means on February 21 at 5:35pm is when the moon entered the phase of the new moon, but the feast will be kept in the night.  Isaiah 30:29 “Ye shall have a song, as in the night when a holy solemnity is kept; and gladness of heart, as when one goeth with a pipe to come into the mountain of the LORD, to the mighty One of Israel.”  Remember the moon rules at night and the day begins at evening.  Obviously making it completely incorrect to keep it on February 20th, do you get the picture?  There are others which just copy the dates of the almanac with no calculation and say that at evening of the dates mentioned is the new moon feasts.  That is also incorrect lets show this quickly with January 23rd hour 7 and 39 minutes.  Hour 7 is 7:00AM, in the morning.  Do not forget that we must subtract 5 hours which will make that at 2:39 am.  We must understand that a few hours before 2AM it was January 22nd then at midnight it became January 23rd.  At 2AM is it still night?  Then the feast should be kept January 22nd at evening.  I hope this explained to you how some confusion takes place when using the almanac.  If after subtracting the hours they are in the morning that means the new moon begins the previous night.  Like the January example.  If it lands after NOON then the new moon lands on that same night; like the February example.  The almanac is not the problem; using it without understanding it is the problem.  The Software has a feature that gives you the dates and hours if you have problems calculating the time according to your time zone with the dates provided by the Naval Observatory almanac. Below you have the dates:




2:40 AM




5:35 PM




9:38 AM




2:19 AM




6:48 PM




10:03 AM




11:25 PM




10:55 AM




9:11 PM




7:03 AM




5:09 PM




3:42 AM



I like to do the calculations and then go to The  Software to double check what I have done.  I feel safer knowing that I have three things that I look at to verify our dates.  According to the almanac the new moon in question which determines the Passover is supposed to be MAR.  22 h14 m37.  Hour 14 is 2PM subtracting five hours means that its 9am for Eastern Time.  By our calculations that means March 22 9:37am the same thing basically as what The  Software provided.  Note again: If after subtracting the hours they are in the morning that means the new moon begins the previous night.  This is where the visual is very important with the full moon and also with The  Software.


April 2012 moon phases


When looking at the calendar provided by The  Software it shows the New Moon to be March 22, yet notice that March 21st is also a dark moon.  Some important information that I find it to be true regarding the new moon and full moon from the Naval Observatory website (http://aa.usno.navy.mil/faq/docs/moon_phases.php): Although Full Moon occurs each month at a specific date and time, the Moon’s disk may appear to be full for several nights in a row if it is clear. This is because the percentage of the Moon’s disk that appears illuminated changes very slowly around the time of Full Moon (also around New Moon, but the Moon is not visible at all then). The Moon may appear 100% illuminated only on the night closest to the time of exact Full Moon, but on the night before and night after will appear 97-99% illuminated; most people would not notice the difference. Even two days from Full Moon the Moon’s disk is 93-97% illuminated.


Remember the almanac and The  Software said it will be March 22 at 9am.  So let’s look at that time with the The  Softwareprogram.

March 22 2012 at 9am



Now here is where experience counts!  It is morning right?  So it can’t be March 21st since it is not night, wrong!  Esau deals with percentages and what he thinks is the exact time, we must deal with evening to evening.  The moon rules the night remember and if we go backwards in this program it will reveal that it has been the new moon before 9AM which we verified visually.

March 22 2012 at 12am



A little after Midnight on March 22 at 12:42am and it was a new moon the percentage of age is not at 100%  but the percentage of Full is already at 0% meaning if you were to go outside on that night you will not be able to see the moon.  But let’s continue going backwards in time.

March 21 2012 9pm



March 21st at 9:43PM is really when the new moon entered; look at the percent of full it is 0%.  This cannot be ignored and then keep the new moon outside of its appointed time on March 22nd.  If we look at the evening of March 22nd what do we get?

March 22 2012 at 10pm



By almost 11pm of March 22nd you will see the first crescent and notice the phase name has changed from New Moon to Waxing Crescent even though the percent of Full is 0%  it won’t be for long by 3AM you already have 1% of light showing.

March 22 at 3am



This is from experience of using the almanac and observing the pattern that takes place in the sky and finally using this program.  Also by what the scriptures taught us we know that what the Naval Observatory said about the Phase of the new moon appearing to be more than one day is true.  Look at 1st Samuel chapter 20 when David hid himself from Saul how the first night was the new moon and the first day of the month.  The day that we are to keep the feast as the law said is the first night, but they held a feast the following day as well although is not required by the laws.


We arrived at the date of March 21st for the new moon because it was in that night that it was not visible therefore making it the first day of the month.  By the moon is the sign of feast, to keep the Passover do we need to wait for the Full Moon or calculate by the new moon?  Deuteronomy 16:1 Observe the month of Abib, and keep the passover unto the LORD thy God: for in the month of Abib the LORD thy God brought thee forth out of Egypt by night.”  The most High shows us that we must observe the new moon which brings in Abib to keep the Passover properly.


What happens with most feast days is that we get influenced by Jewish teachings.  Most Israelites today hold the Passover according to the date that was provided by the synagogue of Satan which was April 6th.  We held it April 4th at evening because we counted from the new moon.  Some kept it April 5th but it was incorrect since the new moon was March 21st and not March 22nd at evening. Therefore they kept it similar to the Jewish people because that is when the first crescent of light showed.  Well the Jewish teaching is that the new moon is when there is a first crescent of light.  This is from Wikipedia.com under the search Hebrew calendar: According to the Mishnah and Tosefta, in the Maccabean, Herodian, and Mishnaic periods, new months were determined by the sighting of a new crescent, with two eye witnesses required to testify to the Sanhedrin to having seen the new lunar crescent at sunset.  


Titus 1:14 “Not giving heed to Jewish fables, and commandments of men, that turn from the truth.”  This is why the dates in Jewish calendars are usually two days off, yet according to the almanac and The  Software when they kept Passover it was the time when the Full Moon came in.

April 6 2012 full moon

Are they right about keeping the new moon by the first light of the crescent?  Were we off by keeping the Passover a different date from them?  From the instruments of calculation report: Ecclesiasticus 43 verse 7 explains the moon is a light that “decreases” in perfection.  The perfection is the “Full Moon” which when it is fully come afterwards the moon “decreases” to the stage called the “New Moon”.  Verse 8 explains the moon increases wonderfully in her changing from this stage [New Moon] into various other phases in rotation.  The first phase of moonlight is not the New Moon but the beginning rotation cycle or known to us in the scripture as a “changing”.   If the word “month is called after” the moon then a new month will be when we have a New Moon.  The New Moon marks the beginning of a month according to the Bible.  This phase according to the scriptures is when it is completely dark, from that point the moon “increases” in light to all her wonderful “changing”.  On the New Moons the Israelites brought an offering to offer unto the Lord.


From the script we could see they are wrong about the crescent or the first light.  Secondly the Full moon was before April 6th.  From our calendar we observed the Full Moon to fully come in April 5th at evening for the calculating of next new moon.

April calendar


We obviously have nothing to hide because as it is explained in the instruments of calculation report:  between the 14th at even to the 15th at even it takes for the Moon to become full from the New Moon.     If you notice those little numbers is the evening of that Hebrew day in the month.  April 5th was 15th at evening of the month of Abib.  According to Esau a day again begins when?  At midnight, if we look at The  Software we will see that it was indeed on evening of April 5th the full moon.

April 6 2012 1am


Percent of Full 100% April 6th at 1:37AM a few hours before wasn’t it April 5th?  A few hour later 4:38AM the Phase Name changes to Full Moon.  This date of April 5th we use to calculate the next new moon which be 15 days later.  Notice even the program shows us that, although the date is wrong when it says “Next New:” But I know the question will come up but shouldn’t it be the Full Moon on Passover night?  Remember that what determines the day you should be keeping the feast is the new moon.  But from experience again, when there was a leap month in the previous year the Full Moon would be closer to the morning hours of the day rather than the night.  It is important to understand that the moon Phases continue whether it is day or night.  During the spring season the moon appears to be a full moon longer, if you were to look up at the sky you wouldn’t notice any difference on April 5th at 10:00 AM from April 6th 1:37AM.  Morning time, huh?  Deuteronomy 16:7 “And thou shalt roast and eat it in the place which the LORD thy God shall choose: and thou shalt turn in the morning, and go unto thy tents.”  April 5th at 10:00 is still within the same day of when the Passover was kept, from evening to evening.  I know this is pretty lengthy and I’m trying actually to keep it concise.  But like it is said a picture is like a thousand words.  Well here are thousand more words.

April 5 2012 at 10am


Here it says 98% but visually it had no difference from the Full Moon as the day continues the percentage goes to 99% by 3PM and it doesn’t look any different.  Now you might ask how does he know how it looks, that’s because the moon is visible at times during the day time.  Although it doesn’t rule until the night yet we know we kept the feast during the right time.

Full Moon in daytime

I hope this helped ahch Shalam!

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